美国一般狭隘地逃脱了坦拉坚塔利班的攻击,但它仍然是战争努力的巨大打击

攻击既造成毁灭性和尴尬的阿富汗和美国政府,谁坚持叛乱分子正在失去主动性。

北约

美国北约LED联盟的美国顶级官员和全国所有美国军队均越来越突破了塔利班在南部省内的内幕袭击事件Kandahar。射手确实设法杀死了该省的州长及其最高警察官员,以及该地区的安全情报局的国家首席,强调叛乱分子仍然有能力推出高调para-military operationsandterrorist attacks

攻击in the palace in the province’s capital city of the same name came on Oct. 18, 2018, as U.S. Army General Scott Miller, head of the NATO-run Resolute Support Mission and U.S. Forces-Afghanistan, was meeting with Governor Zalmay Wesa, National Police General Abdul Raziq, and the province National Directorate of Security (NDS) chief, identified only as General Mominera. A number of initial reports that General Miller was wounded appear to be incorrect. The shooter, allegedly one of Wesa’s bodyguards, did leave three other unidentified U.S. personnel – one member of the military, one U.S. government civilian, and one contractor – with non-life threatening injuries before Afghan or coalition security forces fatally wounded him.

“At Kandahar palace today: Afghan-on-Afghan incident, as initial reports indicate,” according to a post from the Resolute Support Mission’s official Twitter account, which seemed to downplay the severity of the situation. “3 Americans wounded. Gen. Miller uninjured, attacker reportedly dead.”

尽管这一描述了这种情况,但很难强调攻击的结果如何,以及它首先发生的事实,是kandahar,特别是阿富汗和整个冲突。如果没有别的,这是另一个示范,尽管联盟的声明是相反的,但塔利班仍然能够瞄准某些人most senior Afghanand外国官员at times and places of their choosing.

尽管普通米勒愉快地逃脱了危险,但他曾经有过危险,这对联盟非常尴尬,这继续坚持塔利班正在失去地面,并寻求起诉和平起诉。Analysis by independent experts表明,叛乱分子有效地控制了全国的60%以上,并在更多领域举行了阿富汗政府控制。

“您所提到的其他攻击是在更多偏远地区完成的。我们所看到的是大多数案件,那些袭击事件失败,“现在退休的美国陆军将军将军米勒·普罗尔·纳米·纳米尔森于2018年8月替换为阿富汗的美国和联盟行动负责人,declared to reporters那个月的最后新闻发布会。“如果这些袭击成功地抓住地区中心,则各区中心均逐步重新破坏。今年有一些已经陷入塔利班。“

北约

U.S. Army General Scott Miller, at left, the top commander of the NATO-led coalition in Afghanistan, and his predecessor, now-retired U.S. Army General John Nicholson.

The reality of the situation, which the Taliban drove home with this latest insider attack, contrasts starkly with Nicholson’s assessment. It will almost certainly have a negative impact on morale among coalition and Afghan personnel and may force officials from the Resolute Support Mission to reconsider how and when they meet with their Afghan counterparts. Two U.S. troops have already在内幕攻击中死亡in 2018.

Beyond the psychological victory of successfully infiltrating into the inner circle of senior officials, unfortunately, the gunmen produced tangible results for the Taliban. In one fell swoop, the insurgents have effectively wiped out the Afghan government’s senior leadership in Kandahar.

The loss of General Abdul Raziq, who became chief of the National Police in Kandahar as a whole于2011年5月, is likely to be especially pronounced. Shortly after taking up the post, he launched a massive crackdown in cooperation with the NDS and employing special police units that had received training from U.S. private military companies. He himself had previously worked with U.S. special operations forces in the country.

北约

Abdul Raziq将于2012年点评阿富汗警察。

通过所有帐户, in the years that followed, he had positioned himself as the real government power broker in the southern Afghan province that the Taliban cite as their spiritual birthplace and as an unkillable opponent. The insurgents feared and despised Raziq, who himself is the subject of numerous allegations of drug trafficking, corruption, torture, extrajudicial killings, and more dating back to至少2006年

It’s not clear whether or not Raziq’s death, or that of General Mominera, leads to a change in Afghan government tactics or general attitude. But the killings could very well have an impact on critical networks of spies and informants the two men had established in the province, giving the Taliban more freedom to operate and launch future attacks. In addition, whoever succeeds Raziq may not have his reportedly extensive connections to senior tribal leaders and other influential actors in Kandahar, which he fostered over the years and have also been important in challenging the insurgent group’s influence in the region.

总而言之,该袭击是对阿富汗政府和美国支持联盟的重大打击,并处于特别敏感的时间。Political crises and controversies在包括选民卷和注册等选举过程中,已经强迫延误of planned parliamentary elections from July 7 to Oct. 20, 2018. These polls have been in the works自2015年以来

美国军队

Afghan troops train in Kandahar in July 2018.

安全问题也是延迟的一个因素,因为塔利班成功地安装了攻击major province capitalsin 2018, most recently briefly having control of the seats of power在Ghazni.。阿富汗部队只能在康复的美国展示后开除攻击者air and artillery strikes。报告还表明,阿富汗军队nd police units continue to suffer unsustainable losses. In September 2018, the casualty rate for the Afghan national security forces as a whole had reportedly spiked to近60岁every day

2018年10月13日,塔利班还表示,它在卡塔尔遇到了卡塔尔的美国特使Zalmay Khalilzad新一轮会谈关于如何结束阿富汗的冲突。美国政府拒绝确认或否认会议,但是赞扬了叛乱分子最近的谈判开放and cited that as a sign the group isfeeling the pressureA.resurgent American military campaignunder U.S. President Donald Trump.

批评者争辩塔利班似乎越来越越来越多地谈判了力量的位置,并且仍然坚持认为任何最终交易结束complete withdrawal来自阿富汗的外国部队。

Neutering the Afghan government’s leadership in Kandahar, and almost killing the top foreign military officer in the country in the process, only seems to reinforce this viewpoint and seems to make it clear that insurgents are emboldened rather than on the run.

联系作者:jtrevithickpr@gmail.com.